Recreational Use and Misuse of Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

Clinical Applications

In the United States, sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil are approved for the handling of erectile dysfunction. In component to facilitating tumescence, these drugs shorten the refractory time interval associated with subsequent discharge. They are also effective in both iatrogenic and disease-related ED, including that resulting from diabetes or prostatectomy. Most men (35%-91%) respond to a I 50 mg dose of sildenafil; however, as little as 25 mg may be effective in some patients ( < 18%), while others may require up to 100 mg (1%-69%).

The usual dose of sildenafil administered for ED is 50 mg approximately 1 hour before anticipated sexual capacity, up to a uttermost of 100 mg. The drug is not recommended to be administered more frequently than once daily. Starting doses of 25 mg should be considered in elderly patients or those with hepatic or severe renal disability (i.e., creatinine clearances less than 30 mL/minute). Because of sildenafil's metabolic itinerary, drug interactions are a involvement. Concurrent use of CYP 3A4 inhibitors -- including itraconazole (Sporanox -- Janssen), ketoconazole, and erythromycin -- requires sildenafil medicine standardization. In head, use with CYP 3A4 inhibitors necessitates the organization of no more than 25 mg of sildenafil in a 24-hour interval. A bingle dose of 25 mg should not be exceeded in a 48-hour full stop in patients receiving ritonavir, as the change of integrity resulted in an 11-fold gain in sildenafil's area under the serum concentration-time delivery in healthy volunteers. Lower doses (25 mg) should also be used in patients receiving alpha-blockers. If desired, higher doses may be administered in these patients but not within 4 distance of government activity of alpha-blockers.

sildenafil has been investigated for use in a show of other applications, including fauna sexual rousing physiological state.

31.1.08 10:56

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